National conveniences [graphic] / Js. Gy. dn. et ft.
- National conveniences [graphic] / Js. Gy. dn. et ft.
- Gillray, James, 1756-1815, printmaker.
- Published / Created
- 1796 January 25
- Copyright Date
- [25 January 1796]
- Publication Place
- H. Humphrey, New Bond Street
- "Four designs on one plate.  'English Convenience - the Water Closet'. A grossly obese alderman of repulsive appearance sits full-face, clasping his sides. He wears his gown and chain, one gouty leg is swathed in bandages. On the wall behind his head are two placards: 'Bill of Fare, - Turtle Soup Fish Poultry H . . .' and a broadside, 'Roast Beef of old England headed by a sirloin'. For the history of this English contribution to civilization see M. and H. B. Quennell, 'Hist. of Everyday Things in England 1733-1851', 1933. It derives from an invention of Sir John Harington, see P. Lindsay, 'One Dagger for Two', 1932, p. 178.  'Scotch Convenience - the Bucket'. A woman seated in back view on a pair of tongs across a bucket in some sort of permanent shelter composed of ramshackle planks. On this are two papers: 'The Sweets of Edinbro' to the Tune of Tweedside' (cf. BMSat 5941) and 'Croudie a Scotch Reel'. In the foreground are pigs and poultry.  'French Convenience - le Commodites'. A pretty young woman, full-face, in a latrine with three apertures. She crouches with one foot on the ground, one on the seat. On the wall are two papers: 'Caira nouvelle chanson' and 'Soupe Maigre petit Chanson.'  'Dutch Convenience - the Lake'. A stout man (? or woman) in back view sits on a rail, smoking a pipe. In the foreground is shallow water with ducks. Behind and in close proximity are town houses with high crow-stepped gables."--British Museum online catalogue.
Dutch convenience: the lake.
English convenience: the water closet --
French convenience: le commodites --
Scotch convenience: the bucket --
Title etched below image.
- 1 print : etching on wove paper, hand-colored ; plate mark 35.7 x 25.4 cm, on sheet 38.9 x 27.6 cm
- Extent of Digitization
- Completely digitized
- Call Number
- Auchincloss Gillray v. 9
Subjects, Formats, And Genres
Access And Usage Rights
- The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
- Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum. Division I, political and personal satires, v. 7, no. 8906
- Orbis Record