[Carte-de-visite photograph of Millie-Christine with fan and buffalo robe]
- [Carte-de-visite photograph of Millie-Christine with fan and buffalo robe]
- Brown, Barnes & Bell
- Published / Created
- circa 1885
- A carte-de-visite photograph created by the studio of Brown, Barnes, & Bell, circa 1885, inlaid in a page from album with manuscript inscription by an unidentified person that describes Millie-Christine and their physiology. Based chiefly in Liverpool, Brown, Barnes, & Bell operated studios throughout the United Kingdom, 1877-1933.
Acquired from various sources. For more information refer to the material in the collection.
Millie-Christine (1851-1912), also known as Millie McKoy and Christine McKoy were African American conjoined twins and entertainers. Millie-Christine were born on July 11, 1851, to Monemia and Jacob, slaves owned by Jabez McKay on a plantation in Welches Creek, North Carolina. Around eighteen months after their birth, McKay sold the girls to Joseph Pearson Smith (1815-1862) of Wadesboro, North Carolina. Smith and his wife, Mary Aleff Cooper Smith (1822-1893) educated the twins; they could speak five languages, dance, play music, and sing. During their lifetime, Millie-Christine enjoyed a successful career as "The Two-Headed Nightingale." On October 8, 1912, Millie died of tuberculosis, while doctors euthanized Christine.
- 1 photographic print : b&w ; 8.8 x 5.7 cm. on mount 10.2 x 6.3 cm.
- Extent of Digitization
- Completely digitized
- Call Number
- JWJ MSS 100
- Collection Title
- Photographs of Millie-Christine.
- Collection Date
- circa 1865-circa 1900
- Container / Volume Information
- Folder 3
Subjects, Formats, And Genres
- still image
Cartes-de-visite (card photographs)
- Resource Type
- Prints & Photographs
- Subject (Name)
Brown, Barnes & Bell
- Subject (Topic)
African American entertainers--Pictorial works
African American singers--Pictorial works.
African American women--Pictorial works.
African American women--Portraits.
Conjoined twins--Pictorial works.
Access And Usage Rights
- The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
- Photographs of Millie-Christine. James Weldon Johnson Collection in the Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
- Orbis Record